1. Whileplaying in the park one morning，aloud argument was gotten into by several of the children over the use ofswings.
(A) aloud argument was gotten into by several of the children
(B) aloud argument between several of the children was gotten into
(C) anda loud argument gotten into by several of the children
(D) severalof the children getting into a loud argument
(E) severalof the children got into a loud argument
2. Vitamin D，which the body needs in order to absorb calcium，is produced when skinis exposed to ultraviolet rays.
(A) calcium，is produced
(B) calcium，and is produced
(C) calcium，producing it
(D) calciumand produces
(E) calciumand produces it
3. Designing a computer monitor requires notonly an understanding of electromagnetism，chemistry，andthe psychology of human vision.
(A) notonly an understanding of
(B) bothan understanding of
(C) anunderstanding of not only
(D) anunderstanding of both
(E) anunderstanding of
解析：题目中平行的结构是electromagnetism，chemistry和the psychology of humanvision。AC选项可以直接排除，因为only only和and不能连用。题目是三个名词的并列，因此both…and…这个短语也使用不恰当。BD也可以排除。
4. Edgar Allan Poe’s poem “The Raven,” partly inspired by atalking raven in the novel Barnaby Rudge by Charles Dickens.
(A) EdgarAllan Poe’s poem “The Raven,”
(B) EdgarAllan Poe，whose poem “The Raven” was
(C) Apoem by Edgar Allan Poe， “The Raven”，which was
(D) “The Raven” by Edgar Allan Poe’s poem，beinga poem
(E) “The Raven”，apoem by by Edgar Allan Poe，was
解析：注意看到句中inspiredby，这明显是被动语态的表达形式，那么inspired前面缺少一个be动词，因此AD可以直接排除。B选项，whose引导定语从句，导致主语EAP这个人没有谓语动词，因此B错。C选项which引导定语从句，但是主语依然没有谓语动词，因此C选项也错。 E选项中，主语是“The Raven” ，两个逗号之间是插入语，wasinspired做谓语动词。E正确。
5. Unlike coniferous trees，whose leaves are usuallyneedlelike，theleaves of deciduous trees are typically broad and flat.
(A) theleaves of deciduous trees are typically broad and flat
(B) itis typical for the leaves of deciduous trees to be broad and flat
(C) broadand flat leaves are typical of deciduous trees
(D) deciduoustrees have leaves that are typically broad and flat
(E) ondeciduous trees，theleaves are typically broad and flat
6. Even choosing the least expensiverate，the package wasso heavy that it cost Jose nearly a hundred dollars to mail it to his cousin inMadrid.
(B) Eventhough choosing
(C) Eventhough he chose
(D) Althoughhe had chose
7. An early American film star，Pearl White starred inseveral serials whose episodes had suspenseful endings that enticedaudiences to return for the next installment.
(A) serialswhose episodes had suspenseful endings
(B) serials，their episodes hadsuspenseful endings
(C) serials，which had episodes endingsuspenseful
(D) serialsof whose episodes the suspenseful endings
(E) serials，each of these episodes hada suspenseful ending
解析：serials之后的内容是来修饰serials的。A选项whose引导定语从句，划线部分之后的that指代的是endings。B选项是典型的 run-on句子，两个完整的句子之间没有连词，也不构成主从复合句，B错。C选项错在ending suspenseful，end在这里是动词，那么suspenseful应该使用副词形式。D选项是定语从句使用错误，whose引导的定语从句不用再加of了。E也是run-on句子。
8. Although we typically associate desertswith hot，dry wether，deserts can also be cold，most of Antarctica is adesert despite the continent's frigidtemperatures.
(A) cold，most of Antarctica is
(B) cold;most of Antarctica is
(C) cold，in fact，most of Antarctica is
(D) cold;whereas most of Antarcticais
(E) cold，such as most of Antarcticabeing
9. One reason fish spoils faster than meatis due to the fact that the muscle fibers of fish are specialized tofunction best in cold environments.
(A) meatis due to the fact that
(B) meatis because of the fact that
(C) meat，which is because
(D) meatis that
解析：isdue to和is because of是SAT语法中不正规的表达。AB直接排除。C选项which引导定语从句，主句没有谓语动词，C错。E选项中since引导状语从句，主语依然不完整。综上，选D。
10. The Canada lynx has oversized，webbed paws that act assnowshoes，allowingthem to hunt rabbits even when the snow is deep.
(A) allowingthem to hunt rabbits even
(B) allowingit to hunt rabbits even
(C) evenallowing them to hunt rabbits
(D) whichallow them to hunt rabbits even
(E) thisallows it to hunt rabbits even
解析：allow的宾语应该是The Canada lynx(三人称单数)，所以them直接排除，ACD错误。E选项用this单独使用做主语是错误的。只能选B。
11. The article praised Isak Dinesen not somuch for her genius as a storyteller but because she was remarkably defiantof society’sexpectations of women during the early twentieth century.
(A) butbecause she was remarkably defiant
(B) butbecause of her remarkable defiance
(C) butfor being remarkably defiant
(D) asfor her remarkable defiance
(E) asit did her remarkable defiance
解析：首先，句中有一个notso much…as…的固定搭配表示比较，由此可以直接排除ABC。比较中又有一个平行结构：not for…，butfor…。因此答案选D。
12. While candidates for political office think carefully(A)about the way they dress for public appearances，but they(B) generally do not want to appear(C)to care too much(D) about clothes. No error(E)
13. The professor urged(A) herstudents to follow(B) their own career interests，to serve their communities，and believing(C) in the power of their(D)own ideas. No error(E)
14. Karting，or the racing of(A) miniature automobiles calledkarts，originate(B)in the United States in the 1950s after(C) a famous race-car builderdeveloped a kart powered by(D) a lawn-mower engine. No error(E)
15. Living in(A) the rain forests ofnortheastern Madagascar，lemurscalled silky sifakas are local known(B) as “ghosts of the forest” because of(C) their(D) fast movements andbone-white fur. No error(E)
16. For thousands of years the inhabitants of(A)Australia have been(B) digging underground water reservoirs in order forsurviving(C) on one of the world’sdriest(D) continents. No error(E)
解析：表目的短语inorder to do，不能改为inorder for doing。
17. When the finalists in(A) theessay contest receive their(B) scholarships at(C) the awardsceremony，thefirst-place winner was also given(D) a computer. No error(E)
修改建议：把wasalso改为will also be。
18. Both Serena，who has just been(A) elected president of the union，and(B) Martin，its treasurer，attends(C) theweekly meetings(D) of the labor council. No error(E)
19. Although(A) artificiallyintelligent machines can now(B) beat humans at chess，they cannot outperform(C)humans at practical tasks such as(D) folding laundry，cooking，and caring for perts. Noerror(E)
20. When one thinks about opening(A)a new business，you(B)must consider(C) factors such as(D) start-up costs，local competition，and customer demand. Noerror(E)
解析：one是泛指，其对应的特指应该是第三人称he or she。
修改建议：把you改为he or she。
21. Automatic photo booths that were(A)invented after the discovery of an automated photographic process that eliminated(B)the need(C) not only for negatives but also for(D) cameraoperators. No error(E)
22. Faced with(A) theever-challenging task of balancing(B) school and work，Jillian opted to(C)forego taking a second part-time job and focusing(D) on her studiesinstead. No error(E)
23. During her(A) lifetime，M.S.Subbulakshmi wasconsidered one of(B) India’sgreatest singers，andthe recordings she made(C) has secured(D) her reputation forfuture generations. No error(E)
24. If the proposals approved by(A)the city council at its(B) most recent meeting come to fruition(C)，several derelict buildingswill see news life after years of neglect(D). No error(E)
25. In 1999 researchers proposed(A)the theory that octopuses engage in(B) play，the deliberate，repeated，seeming useless(C)activity through which(D) intelligent animals explore their world andrefine their skills. No error(E)
26. Consisting of(A) sixty-ninephotographs she took of herself(B) posing in settings resembling thoseof(C) old movies，theUntitled Film Stills series repelled(D) Cindy Sherman to artisticfame. No error(E)
27. You might think that because theyare(A) beautiful，peacockswould make a pleasant pet(B)，butin fact their loud，unearthly(C)shrieks are very disturbing(D). No error(E)
28. For my roommate and I(A) toreduce(B) the amount of trash we threw out each week，we had to resolve to stoping making(C) so many unnecessarypurchases(D) in the first place. No error(E)
29. That(A) the director won anAcademy Award for his most recent(B) movie surprised those of us whofelt that the film was far inferior(C) to those made by several of his competitorsfor(D) the coveted prize. No error(E)
Questions 30-35 refer to the followingpassage.
(1)When Pluto was first detected in 1930，it was welcomed as a newly discovered planet. (2)Theirreaction was understandable. (3)Pluto was initially thought to be about thesize of Earth and therefore of proper planetary dimensions. (4)But by the late1970s，closerobservation had established that Pluto was in fact less than half the size ofMercury. (5)Dismayed，someastronomers now began to question whether so small an object deserved to beranked among the planets.
(6)Pluto differs from the other planets also in that it is composedlargely of ice——more like a comet than a typical planet. (7)In the 1990sit was discovered that Pluto was just the largest of hundreds of comet-likebodies occupying a region known as the Kuiper Belt. (8)Pluto，the doubters argued，should therefore be classedwith these icy objects rather than with the planets.
(9)Rushing to Pluto’sdefense，manyastronomers rejected these arguments，pointingout that the established planets differ among themselves in both compositionand size. (10)Mars，forinstance，is composedof metal and rock，whileNeptune is mostly gas. (11)Why，then，could a planet not just aswell be composed of ice? (12)Andas for size difference，Jupiteris 1300 times larger than Earth，butno one would suggest that the two bodies therefore cannot both be planets.
(13)Clearly they need to resolve the issue of Pluto’s classification. (14)In 2006the International Astronomical Union defined a planet as a body that directlyorbits the Sun，islarge enough to be rounded by its own gravity，and has cleared its neighboring region of other orbitingbodies. (15)Pluto was judged to satisfy the first two criteria but not thethird，because of allthe Kuiper Belt objects populating its neighborhood.
30. In context，which of the following is the best version of theunderlined portion of sentence 1(reproducedbelow)?
When Pluto was first detected in 1930，it was welcomed as a newlydiscovered planet.
(A) (asit is now)
(B) itwas a newly discovered planet and welcomed as such
(C) beinga newly discovered planet，itwas welcomed
(D) thenewly discovered planet was also welcomed by astronomers
(E) astronomerswelcomed it as a newly discovered planet
解析：Sentence 2的their指“一群人”，故Sentence1要出现“一群人”，只有E选项是astronomers正确。ABC直接排除; D被动句，不简洁，且意思有所改变。
31. In context，which of the following revisions of the underlined portionof sentence 4(reproduced below)would add the most relevant information?
But by the late 1970s，closer observation hadestablished that Pluto was in fact less than half the size of Mercury.
(A) Mercury，the planet closest to theSun
(B) Mercury，the smallest of thetraditional planets
(C) Mercury，which was named for a Romanmessenger god
(D) Mercury，which was discovered inancient times
(E) Mercury，whose atmosphere is toothin to support human life
解析：Sentence5：一些天文学家质疑Pluto太小，认为它不能算作行星。Sentence 4：Pluto比Mercury的一半还小，此处添加的内容必须要凸显Pluto太小，与其他的planets的大小相差过大，从而与Sentence 5相联系，与整段逻辑一致。B：Mercury是traditional planets中最小的，也就是说，Pluto与traditional planets的大小相差过大，符合题目要求。其他选项属于无关选项。
32. Which of the following sentences，if inserted immediatelybefore sentence 6，wouldprovide the most effective transition between the first and second paragraphs ?
(A) Pluto’s anomalous size was not theonly source of doubt.
(B) Thiswas not the first time that a planet’sstatus has been called into question.
(C) Suchscientific disputes can become surprisingly heated.
(D) Thequestion of who deserves credit for a scientific discovery is sometimesdifficult to settle.
(E) Manywere shocked at the suggestion that Pluto was not really a planet.
解析：第一段的Sentence 5提出Pluto受到质疑的一个原因：too small;第二段的Sentence 6提出第二个原因：composed of ice。A：size不是唯一质疑，符合上下句;B、C与下文无关;D选项与上下文均无关。此处已经提到了质疑的两方面，E选项中“Pluto有可能不是行星，这个说法让很多人震惊了”，与上下文的内容不符。
33. In context，which of the following is the best revision of theunderlined portion of sentence 7(reproduced below)?
In the 1990s it was discovered thatPluto was just the largest of hundreds of comet-like bodies occupying a regionknown as the Kuiper Belt.
(A) Inthe 1990s，however，
(B) Inthe 1990s，bycomparison
(C) Infact，in the 1990s
(D) Similarly，in the 1990s
(E) Consequently，in the 1990s
解析：Sentence 6提出第二个质疑：composed of ice，Sentence7 Pluto是许许多多的comet-like bodies中最大的，Sentence 7 更进一步说明Pluto与其他bodies相似，从而不能算作planets。AB的转折关系错误;E的因果关系错误，原文没有“因此”这层意思，Sentence 7是事实，不是结论。C的“In fact”符合题目要求。D的similarly：同样地，Sentence 7与Sentence 6没有进行比较。
34. In context，which of the following is the best version of theunderlined portion of sentence 13(reproduced below)?
Clearly they need to resolve the issueof Pluto’sclassification.
(A) (asit is now)
(B) thepublic needs
(C) somethingwas needed
(D) furtherobservations were needed
(E) aprecise definition of planet hood was needed
解析：A选项中的的they无指代对象，且need时态错误;B的needs 时态错误;C的something表意不清;D、E相比，Sentence 14提到了IAU对planet下的定义，所以从上下句看，E选项更符合要求。
35. Which of the following sentences, ifplaced immediately after sentence 15, would best conclude the passage?
(A) Pluto’s discover, Clyde Tombaugh,had died in 1997 and so did not live to see his beloved planet demoted.
(B) Ceresand Pallas had undergone a similar demotion in the nineteenth century when theywere reclassified as asteroids rather than planets.
(C) Ultimately,then, Pluto was demoted from planetary status not because of its small size butbecause of the clause company it keeps.
(D) Thiswas perhaps the most momentous decision that the International AstronomicalUnion had made in its 87-year history.
(E) Nonetheless,supporters of Pluto point out that it has more moons than Mars, Earth, Venus,or Mercury.